George Hairbrush Tjungurrayi

George Hairbrush Tjungurrayi

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DOB: c.1943
Born: Walawala, Kiwirrkurra, WA

George Hairbrush Tjungarrayi was born around 1943 in his country North West of Kiwirrkurra, located in the Gibson Desert in Western Australia. George's 'sisters' are Naata Nungurrayi and Nganngi (Nancy) Nungurrayi, both well-known artists like George. George and his family lived a traditional life until they came out of the desert by way of Mt Doreen Station and Yuendumu. In 1962, George walked to Papunya as a guide for Jeremy Long's Welfare Branch patrol.

In 1971, school teacher Geoffrey Bardon encouraged some of the senior men to paint a blank school wall. George's 'uncle', Charlie Tarawa Tjungurrayi was one of the men involved. The school murals sparked immense interest and is seen as the catalyst of the Papunya art movement and the beginning of the Aboriginal Art Movement. George served as an 'apprentice' to the senior artists in the Papunya art community. He was surrounded and encouraged by some of the great artists in the Aboriginal art movement, and in 1976 he began to paint in his own right after encouragement from Nosepeg Tjupurrula, one of the founding artists of the Papunya art movement and a leading identity.

Whilst his early works resemble that of some of the great Papunya masters, George soon developed his own distinctive style. George has perfected a minimalist and abstracted style of painting that is characterised by transverse parallel lines that pulse with subtle optical rhythm. While there are aesthetic parallels with works created by contemporary Western artists of the Op-art movement, George's works are based on his country and culture. George's artworks symbolise ancestral journeys and ceremonial body paint. In particular, George paints the Tingari stories of his ancestral country which covers the sites around Kiwirrkura, Lake Mackay, Kulkuta, Karku, Ngaluwinyamana and Kilpinya. Professor Vivien Johnson has also suggested that his striking imagery is drawn from the distinctive Western Desert style of 'fluted' carving: fine parallel lines incised into the wood and coated with ochres which embellished men's ceremonial boomerangs and shields.

The Tingari cycle embodies a vast network of Aboriginal Dreaming songlines that traverse the Western Desert region of Australia. Locations and events of the Tingari cycle frequently occur as the subject matter of Aboriginal art from the region. In Pintupi narratives, a group of Tingari men (ancestral elders) - who were usually followed by groups of women and children - travelled over the Western Desert area performing rituals and creating the country. Deep knowledge of Tingari business is still very secretive and restricted to men in the community who hold an appropriate level of seniority. There are however public stories that do not disclose secret/sacred knowledge.

George's first solo exhibition was in 1997 at Utopia Art Sydney and was quickly followed by another in 1998 at Gabrielle Pizzi in Melbourne, which was a sell-out and received a rave review from art critic Robert Rooney. By the end of the decade, George Hairbrush Tjungurrayi was one of Papunya's most sought-after painters. George has continued to exhibit throughout Australia and internationally. He was a finalist in the Wynne Prize 2007 and in 2006 George Tjungurrayi was Highly Commended in the 34th Alice Prize. In 2003 he was voted as one of the "50 Most Collectable Artists" by Australian Art Collector magazine. His son is Jake James Tjapaltjarri also a collectible artist

Johnson explains that George's nickname 'Hairbrush' is presumably inspired by his curly hair which sticks out in every direction as though it had never felt the touch of one.


  • Steve Martin & Anne Springfield Collections, USA
  • Kluge-Ruhe Collection of the University of Virginia, USA
  • Groninger Museum, Groningen, The Netherlands
  • Kelton Foundation, Los Angeles, USA
  • Auckland Art Gallery, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Musee des Arts d'Afrique et d'Oceanie, Paris
  • National Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
  • National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
  • National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
  • Queensland University, Brisbane
  • Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane
  • Araluen Art Centre, Alice Springs
  • Artbank, Sydney
  • Supreme Court of the Northern Territory, Darwin
  • Robert Holmes a Court Collection, Perth
  • Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide
  • Dr Peter Elliot Collection, Sydney
  • Hank Ebes Collection, Melbourne
  • The Luczo Family Collection, USA
  • Museo Sa Bassa Blanca, Mallorca, Spain

Awards and Recognition

2019 Wynne Prize, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney - Finalist
2011 28th NATSIAA, Darwin - Finalist and Highly Commended
2010 27th NATSIAA, Darwin - Finalist and Highly Commended
2009 TogArt Contemporary Art Award, Darwin Convention Centre, Darwin - Finalist
2008 TogArt Contemporary Art Award, Darwin Convention Centre, Darwin - Finalist
2006 Alice Art Prize, Alice Springs - Finalist and Highly Commended
2003 Top 50 Collectable Artists, Australian Art Collector Magazine


Selected Solo Exhibitions

2019 Grand Old Men - a survey exhibition, Paul Johnstone Gallery, Darwin
2019 Desert Painters of Australia, Larry Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA - from the Steve Martin & Anne Springfield Collections and Kluge-Ruhe Collection of the University of Virginia, USA
2016 Desert Line, FireWorks Gallery, Brisbane
2011 George (Hairbrush) Tjungurrayi, Utopia Art, Sydney
2008 Between the lines, Utopia Art, Sydney
2003 Paintings from Mamultjulkulnga and Kirrimalunya, Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne
2002 - Utopia Art, Sydney.
1998 - Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne.
1997 - Utopia Art, Sydney.

Selected Group Exhibitions

2019 defining tradition | black + white, Kate Owen Gallery, Sydney
2019 Pintupi Artists of the Western Desert, Japingka Gallery, Fremantle
2018 Anniversary Group Show I: Country Lines, FireWorks Gallery, Brisbane
2017 Gems of the Stockroom, Kate Owen Gallery, Sydney
2017 Along the Lines, FireWorks Gallery, Brisbane
2015 Wynners, Kate Owen Gallery, Sydney
2011 Up Close and Personal: works from the collection of Dr Peter Elliott AM, S. H. Ervin Gallery,
2008 TogArt Contemporary Art Award, Darwin Convention Centre, Darwin
2001 Unforseen George Tjungurrayi & Matthew Johnson, FireWorks Gallery, Brisbane