Minnie Pwerle

Minnie Pwerle

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DOB: c.1920 - 2006
Born: Utopia, NT
LANGUAGE GROUP: Anmatyerre/Alyawarre
COMMUNITY: Utopia, NT

The extraordinarily powerful and prolific artist, Minnie Pwerle, was born in 1910 in Utopia; in bush country located about 350 kilometers north east of Alice Springs in the Northern Territory of Australia. She was to become, along with her contemporary, Emily Kame Kngwarreye, one of Australia's greatest female Aboriginal artists and upon her death in 2006, to be mourned by Aboriginal Art lovers all over the world.

Brought up in a family of large families, Minnie had five siblings and went on to mother seven children herself. She grew up with the support of her blood family and her wider skin family in Atnwengerrp country, belonging to the Anmatyerre and Alyawarre tribe.

The source and great inspiration for her art, came from her involvement in traditional Aboriginal ceremonial practice and rituals where she was responsible for applying the all important body paint designs to participants in women's ceremonies.

She did not use acrylic paint, the medium she was to use in her rise to artistic stardom, but the traditional methods of the Aboriginal people: This was a paste made from the multi coloured earth found in traditional ochre pits, and ground with animal fats or oils into a 'paint'. The women's upper bodies (arms, chest, and back) were then prepared by smearing them with animal fats, and then the coloured paste applied in the form of intricate, patterns and symbols appropriate to the various ceremonies about to be performed. The symbols and patterns Minnie used were rooted in the ancient creation stories (Dreamings) of the Aboriginal People and were rich with history and meaning.

In the 1980's when Minnie was already in her 70's, she took another step towards her fame as an artist. A batik project had been introduced in Utopia and up to 80 Aboriginal women at a time participated in it. Minnie was one of them. It was her first involvement with creative activity outside her traditional role as mother, family member, gatherer of food and of course, traditional ceremony.

She was now just a step away from becoming a household name artist. Another artist, Lindsay Bird Mpetyane influenced the women in the batik project to try painting on canvas using acrylic paint. Minnie took to it straight away, drawing on her experience as a body painter in application of paint and design, and in creating the designs involving her traditional stories and iconography.

Minnie was now in her 80's, but at once, her work was strong, confident, painterly and immensely striking. Traditional iconography took on a new life under her brush, and the wild and joyful canvases that are her trademark began to catch the eye of the art market, not only in Australia but around the world. Minnie became a master of pattern, movement, colour and uncompromising brush strokes that all came together in an astounding and prolific outburst of creativity.

Those who diminished the value of her work in proportion to her output were to regret their point of view, for Minnie's work is iconic Australian Indigenous art, and although some of her decendants have adapted and passed on the tradition, Minnie was the original talent, and the original voice. Her work is powerful and unique, and it sets her apart from the rest.

Minnie's Pwerle's paintings are now held in museums and exhibited in galleries worldwide, and they form an essential part of any serious Aboriginal Art collection. She died in her 90's, still painting to the very end, and is truly one of the greatest of Australian Aboriginal artists.



MAJOR COLLECTIONS:
National Gallery of Victoria
Art Gallery of South Australia
La Trobe University Collection
AMP Collection
Art Gallery of NSW
Hank Ebes Collection
Kelton Foundation
Kreglinger Collection
Mbantua Collection
Queensland Art Gallery
Thomas Vroom Collection
Hank Ebes Collection, Melbourne
The Luczo Family Collection, USA

Awards and Recognition

2004 Top 50 Collectable Artists, Australian Art Collector Magazine
2002 19th NATSIAA, Darwin - Finalist
2001 18th NATSIAA, Darwin - Finalist

History

Selected Solo Exhibitions:

2010 Body Lines, FireWorks Gallery, Brisbane
2006 Memorial Exhibition, Gallery Savah, Sydney
2003 Sydney Art Fair, Gallery Savah, Sydney
2002 Recent Paintings, Gallery Savah, Sydney
2002 Minnies Country, DACOU Gallery, Adelaide
2002 Awelye Atnwengerrp, DACOU Gallery, Adelaide
2002 BIG COUNTRY small worlds, FireWorks Gallery, Brisbane

Selected Group Exhibitions:

2019 International Women's Day, Kate Owen Gallery, Sydney
2019 Defining Tradition | the colurists, Kate Owen Gallery, Sydney
2018 Earth's Creation 2: Emily Kame Kngwarreye & Family, Kate Owen Gallery, Sydney
2017 Gems from the Stockroom, Kate Owen Gallery, Sydney
2010 The Australian Indigenous Art Market Top 100 Exhibition, Coo-ee Aboriginal Art Gallery, Sydney
2010 Minnie Pwerle and Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Kate Owen Gallery, Sydney
2009 Size Matters, Kate Owen Gallery, Sydney
2008 Utopia Revisited, NG Art Gallery, Chippendale
2008 Colours of Utopia, Gallery Savah, Sydney
2008 Atnwengerrp - Land of Dreaming, Minnie Pwerle carpet launch, Designer Rugs Showroom, Sydney
2008 Emily and Her Legacy, Hillside Gallery, Tokyo, with Coo-ee Art Sydney in conjunction with the landmark retrospective exhibition Utopia - the Genius of Emily Kngwarreye at the National Art Centre, Tokyo
2007 Standing on Ceremony, Tandanya Cultural Institute, Adelaide
2007 Utopia in New York, Robert Steele Gallery, New York
2007 Australian Embassy, Washington
2007 Desert Diversity, Flinders Lane Gallery, Melbourne
2007 Treasures of the Spirit, Tandanya Cultural Institute, Adelaide
2007 APS Bendi Lango Art Exhibition with Rio Tinto, FireWorks Gallery, Brisbane
2007 New Works from Utopia, Space Gallery, Pittsburgh
2006 The Pwerle Sisters, Flinders Lane Gallery, Melbourne
2006 APS Bendi Lango Art Exhibition, Rio Tinto Offices, Melbourne
2005 Utopia Revealed, Japingka Gallery, Fremantle
2005 Shalom, University of NSW, Shalom Department, Sydney
2005 Small Wonders, Mbantua Gallery, Alice Springs
2004 Divas of the Desert, Gallery Gondwana, Alice Springs
2004 Utopia: Gloria, Barbara, Minnie, Flinders Lane Gallery, Melbourne
2003 My Grandmother and Me, World Vision, Walkabout Gallery, Sydney
2003 Minnie Pwerle & Mitjili Napurrula, Japingka Gallery, Fremantle
2003 Group Exhibition, Art & Soul Gallery in conjunction with Mbantua Gallery, Nashville
2003 Contemporary Aboriginal Art Event, Mbantua Gallery, Umpqua Bank, Portland
2003 Art from the Dreamtime, Portland Art Museum in conjunction with Mbantua Gallery, Portland
2002 Mixed Utopia exhibition at Knut Grothe Galeri, Charlottlenlund, Copenhagen
2002 Paintings From Utopia, Framed, Darwin
2002 Galerie a Le Temps Du Reve, Pont-Aven
2002 Contemporary Aboriginal Art From The Utopia Region, BMGART, Adelaide
2002 Generations Utopia, Japingka Gallery, Fremantle
2002 A Collectable Aboriginal Art Event, Raintree Gallery, Darwin
2002 The Utopia Six, Flinders Lane Gallery, Melbourne
2002 Heart and Soul Gallery in conjunction with Mbantua Gallery, Nashville
2002 Urban Wineworks with Mbantua Gallery, Portland
2002 In the Cove, Portland
2002 Chapman Gallery, Canberra
2002 Gallery Gondwana, Alice Springs
2002 Gallery Savah, Sydney